Guatemala City Guatemala History
Antigua, Guatemala, is often considered one of the most beautiful cities in the world, surrounded by the mountains of Guatemala City, the largest city in Guatemala and the second largest in Latin America.
Guatemala was once part of the Mayan civilization that stretched across Mesoamerica, comprising much of what would later become modern - today's Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Mexico, and Central America. The physical boundaries of this ancient Mayan empire stretched from the southern tip of Guatemala to the northern and western tip of Honduras and Guatemala before the arrival of the Spaniards, but this was largely confined to Guatemala City and Antigua City. It was founded in the 16th century as Captain General Guatemala (also known as the Kingdom of Guatemala), which covered most of modern Guatemala and much of Central and South America and had a population of about 2.5 million people.
Today, Guatemala City serves as the main entry point during the Guatemala holidays, and transport routes run through the city. There are regular tourist buses passing through San Ignacio Xunantunich, but the history of the region began in the 16th century, when the capital of Spanish operations in this region was moved from Antigua City to the Guatemalan capital San Juan de los Caballeros and moved from its original location at the southern tip of Guatemala. Canadians should visit the Museo Ixchel in Guatemala City and take a trip to the National Museum of Anthropology and Ethnology, which is closed to visitors due to its proximity to the capital of Guatemala.
We will pick you up at our hotel in Guatemala City at 8: 00 am and take you to our meeting point in Antigua, Guatemala to meet our local guides to begin our trip to San Ignacio Xunantunich, the capital of San Juan de los Caballeros. We will visit the old colonial city of Guatemala, learn about the history of the city and enjoy a tour of its historic buildings and a short history lesson about what awaits us on the way. You will be picked up at your selected hotel at 9 a.m. and enjoy the sights and sounds of Guatemalan history and culture, along with a visit to a local museum.
Guatemala City is divided into 22 zones according to an urban plan designed by Raul Aguilar Batres. Northwest of the capital is the ancient city of Quirigua, whose ruins we will admire during our tour of the historic buildings. Other cities and states in present-day Guatemala are Antigua City, San Juan de los Caballeros and the ancient capital San Ignacio Xunantunich, which is known for its detailed steles. South of the Ermita Valley is a volcano that forms a natural barrier between the city and the Pacific lowlands that defines the southern region of Guatemala.
In the late 1620s, a monastery called El Carmen was founded here, which was the main purpose of life for the city until it was destroyed by a series of earthquakes in 1773, the most significant change in Guatemala's history due to the Santa Marta earthquake. After that, the city was abandoned, though not all of them were left behind, and the surviving inhabitants rebuilt the city and called it Antigua Guatemala. The decision of the Guatemalan government to move the capital of San Ignacio Xunantunich, the ancient capital of San Juan de los Caballeros, to Guatemala City for good. Now she has replaced the government of President Juan Manuel Santos de Guzman, a former governor of El Salvador.
In 1543, the official functions of the city began, and in 1566 it was given the name San Ignacio de los Caballeros, after the founder of Guatemala, Juan Carlos de Alvarado. The city was officially named Antigua Guatemala and was therefore named after him. In 1776, this modern city was founded as the capital of the Guatemalan Captain General in Guatemala to replace Antigsua Guatemalans. This capital was relocated several times until it was finally established as a Guatemala city in the year 17 76.
After three years of careful examination, the capital was moved in 1776 to the Ermita Valley, which is now Guatemala City.
Guatemala City became the capital of the new United States Provinces of Central America, which included Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. On September 15, 1821, the Captains General of Guatemala was officially proclaimed and the area known as Guatemala gradually became cities. In what some have called Black Thursday, hundreds of supporters of the FRG marched into Guatemala City on September 14, 1861 in response to the invasion of Honduras.
At that time, the authorities ordered that the safest place in the region be Guatemala City, the modern capital of the county. Although the new capital was officially called Nueva Guatemala de la Asuncion, it was always called "Guatemala City" and has remained the center of government in Guatemala ever since. This seat of the Spanish colonial government was founded in 1543 and was the Kingdom of Guatemala, which included the present-day countries of El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama.